One of the purposes of referencing is to enable others to find the information that you have used in your assignment.
Also, it is important to acknowledge the work of others if you have referred to it in your assignments; if you do not, you will be accused of plagiarism. To avoid plagiarism, you MUST cite and reference all the sources of information that you have used in your assignment.
A referencing style is a set of rules that specify how to reference different sources of information eg books, articles, websites etc
There are many referencing styles. Popular styles are author/date (often known as Harvard) and Numerical.
Check with your tutor, if you are not sure which referencing style to use in your assignments.
Acknowledging other people’s work/ideas within your assignment or in the main body of your text is called ‘citing’. You will often come across citations when you are reading books or journals.
This is a list of sources that you have cited in the main text of your assignment. This list is produced at the end of your assignment.
This is a list of sources that you have cited in your work (i.e. your reference list) and also the sources that you have read but have not cited in the main text of your assignment. This list is also produced at the end of your assignment after the reference section; However, you only need to produce a bibliography alongside a reference list if you have been asked to do so.
Plagiarism is a failure to acknowledge another person’s work or idea and claiming this idea as your own. This is deemed as cheating/academic misconduct and is treated as a SERIOUS OFFENCE.
See the ‘Assessment Regulations for Undergraduate and Taught Postgraduate Programmes of Study’ in the programme regulations of your student handbook.
You can find more information on avoiding plagiarism in the Skills Online tutorial on Moodle.
With Harvard referencing you cite a source of information, such as a book or a journal article, by writing the author's name and the year the source was written within the main text. You then provide a longer description of that source in a list of references at the end.
As there are many variations within the Harvard style, Manchester Metropolitan University has written a standard version for its students to follow called MMU Harvard.