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Referencing

Referencing list format

All sources that have been mentioned in the main text need to be listed, alphabetically, in the referencing section using the correct format as listed in this guide.

If you have used et al. in your citation you need to list all authors in the entry in your reference list.

If you have two or more authors with the same name you list them in alphabetical order according to the author’s first name:

Example

Mullins, L. J. (2007) Management and organisational behaviour. 8th ed., Harlow: Financial Times Prentice Hall.

Mullins, R. (2007) ‘iPhone: why one little gadget matters so much.’ Network World, 24(50) p. 33.

 

If you have a single author, where the surname is the same but the publication year is different the sources should be listed in chronological order with the earliest publication first.

Example

Cottrell, S. (2005) Critical thinking skills: developing effective analysis and argument. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cottrell, S. (2008) The study skills handbook. 3rd ed., Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

 

If you have two or more sources where the author’s surname is the same, but one publication is written by a single author and the other is written by more than one author, the single authored publication will be listed first.  This will be the case regardless of the author’s first name.

Example

Jameson, R. (1994) ‘Making the connection.’ Housing, 30(1) pp. 45-46.

Jameson, K. and Kidd, P. (1974) Pre-school play. London: Studio Vista.

In the above example Jameson, R. comes before Jameson, K.  This is because a joint publication is always placed after the single author of the same name.

Example reference list

Allison, C. (2007) Tornado picture. Oklahoma weather stock: photo and video stock by Charles Allison. [Online image] [Accessed on 16th February 2009] http://www.oklahomalightning.com/TornadoPics/TornadoPics.htm

Arthur, C. (2012) ‘YouTube loses music clip copyright battle in court.’ The Guardian. [Online] 24th April [Accessed on 24th April 2012] http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/apr/20/youtube-music-clip-copyright-court

Barnes, M. and Brannelly, T. (2008) ‘Achieving care and social justice for people with dementia.’ Nursing Ethics, 15(3) pp. 384-395.

BBC. (2009) Teenage obesity link to future MS. [Online] [Accessed on 13th January 2010] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/8342585.stm

Cottrell, S. (2005) Critical thinking skills: developing effective analysis and argument. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cottrell, S. (2008) The study skills handbook. 3rd ed., Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Department for Children, Schools and Families. (2008) Working together: listening to the voices of children and young people. Unknown place of publication: Department for Children, Schools and Families. [Online] [Accessed on 9th February 2009] http://publications.teachernet.gov.uk/eOrderingDownload/DCSF-00410-2008.pdf

Department of Trade and Industry. (2005) Our energy future: creating a low carbon economy. Cmnd. 5761, London: TSO.

Dickson, D. (2006) ‘Reflecting.’ In Hargie, O. (ed.) The handbook of communication skills. 3rd ed., London: Routledge, pp. 165-194.

Domestic violence prevention video for schools. (2003) Directed by T. Debbonaire. [Video] London: Westminster Domestic Violence Forum.

eBay. (2011) Annual Report 2011. San Jose: eBay Inc.

Gillen, J. K. (1998) An investigation into young children’s telephone discourse. Ph.D. Manchester Metropolitan University.

Jameson, R. (1994) ‘Making the connection.’ Housing, 30(1) pp. 45-46.

Jameson, K. and Kidd, P. (1974) Pre-school play. London: Studio Vista.

Jones, R. (2012) The future of IT and Library Services. Presentation at Wessex University, Wessex, 10th January.

Kuznetsov, A. and Kuznetsova, O. (2001) ‘The progress of market culture in Russia and managerial response’.  In Academy of International Business. Proceedings of the 28th annual conference of the Academy of International Business (UK chapter) International business in the 21st century: change and continuity - strategies, institutions, regulations and operations. Vol. 1. Manchester Metropolitan University Business School, Manchester, 6th – 7th April 2001.  McDonald, F. and Tuselman, H. Manchester: Manchester Metropolitan University Business School, pp. 471-488.

Mintel. (2012) Coffee shops: UK. February 2012. London: Mintel Group.

MMU Degree Skills. (2010) How to avoid plagiarism. [Online] [Accessed on 10th June 2010] http://www.youtube.com/user/MMUDegreeSkills

Mullins, L. J. (2007) Management and organisational behaviour. 8th ed., Harlow: Financial Times Prentice Hall.

Mullins, R. (2007) ‘iPhone: why one little gadget matters so much.’ Network World, 24(50) p. 33.

RIBA. (2011) Good design – it all adds up. [Online] [Accessed on 24th April 2012] http://www.architecture.com/Files/RIBAHoldings/PolicyAndInternationalRelations/Policy/Gooddesignitalladdsup.pdf

Travis, A. and Topham, G. (2012) ‘Airlines raise pressure to relax border controls.’ The Guardian. 24th April. p.8.

Whitehead, E. and Mason, T. (2003) ‘Study skills for nurses.’ Social Science and Medicine, 58(2) pp. 369-378.